Chapter 1: General principles.
In order to promote the development of public libraries, give full play to the functions of public libraries, protect the basic cultural rights and interests of citizens, improve the scientific and cultural quality of citizens and the degree of social civilization, inherit human civilization and strengthen cultural self-confidence, this law is formulated.
The public library referred to in this law is a public cultural facility directed to the public to freely open, collect, collate, preserve document information and provide inquiry, lending and related services, and carry out social education. The document information specified in the preceding paragraph includes books, newspapers, periodicals, audio-visual products, microfilms, and digital resources.
Public library is an important part of the socialist public cultural service system. We should promote, guide and serve the nationwide reading as an important task. The public library should stick to the orientation of the advanced socialist culture, adhere to the people centered approach and uphold the socialist core values as the guide, inherit and develop the fine traditional Chinese culture, inherit revolutionary culture and develop advanced socialist culture.
The people's governments at or above the county level shall include public library undertakings into the national economic and social development plan at the national level, integrate public library construction into urban and rural planning and general land use planning, increase investment in public libraries established by the government, and include the necessary funds in the budget of the government at the corresponding level, and allocate them in time and in full. The State encourages citizens, legal persons and other organizations to raise funds by themselves to set up public libraries. The people's governments at or above the county level should actively mobilize social forces to participate in the construction of public libraries and provide policy support in accordance with the relevant provisions of the state.
The competent department of culture under the State Council is responsible for the management of public libraries throughout the country. Other relevant departments under the State Council shall be responsible for the work related to the management of public libraries within their respective responsibilities. The competent cultural authorities of the local people's governments at or above the county level are responsible for the management of Public Libraries in their respective administrative areas. Other relevant departments of the local people's governments at or above the county level shall be responsible for the work related to the management of public libraries within their respective administrative areas within their respective responsibilities.
The State encourages citizens, legal persons and other organizations to donate to public libraries in accordance with the law, and gives tax preferences in accordance with the law. Overseas natural persons, legal persons and other organizations may participate in the construction of domestic public libraries by way of donation in accordance with the provisions of relevant laws and administrative regulations.
The State supports the development of Public Libraries in old revolutionary base areas, ethnic minority areas, border areas and poverty-stricken areas.
The State encourages and supports the development of science and technology in the construction, management and service of public libraries, and promotes the use of modern information technology and communication technology to improve the service efficiency of public libraries.
The State encourages and supports international exchanges and cooperation in the field of public libraries.
Public libraries should abide by laws and administrative regulations on intellectual property protection, and protect and use document information according to law. The collection of bibliographic information belongs to cultural relics, archives or state secrets, and public libraries shall abide by the provisions of laws and administrative regulations concerning the protection of cultural relics, archives, or the protection of state secrets.
The industry organizations of public libraries should formulate industry norms according to law, strengthen self-discipline, safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of members, and guide and urge members to improve their service quality.
The organizations and individuals that make outstanding contributions to the development of public libraries shall be commended and rewarded in accordance with the relevant provisions of the state.
The second chapter is to set up legislation.
The state set up a service network covering urban and rural areas and convenient and practical public libraries. The construction of public library service network should adhere to the government's leading role and encourage social participation. The local people's governments at or above the county level shall, according to the factors such as population size, population distribution, environment and traffic conditions, determine the quantity, scale, structure and distribution of public libraries according to local conditions, and strengthen the construction of fixed premises and mobile service facilities and self-service facilities.
The people's government at or above the county level shall set up a public library. The local people's government should make full use of the comprehensive service facilities of villages and towns (streets) and villages (communities) to set up libraries to serve urban and rural residents.
The establishment of a public library shall meet the following requirements: (1) the articles of Association; (two) the fixed site; (three) the area of the library suitable for its functions, the reading seats, the literature information and the facilities and equipment; (four) the staff who are suitable for their functions and the scale of the collection; (five) the necessary funds for running the library and the source of stable operation funds; (six) security facilities, systems and contingency plans.
The articles of association of the public library should include the name, the site, the purpose, the scope of business, the management system and the relevant rules, the termination procedure and the disposal plan of the remaining property.
The establishment, alteration and termination of public libraries shall be registered in accordance with the relevant regulations of the state.
The competent departments of culture of the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the central government shall, on their website, timely announce the names, addresses, ways of contact, general information of the collection and literature, main service contents and ways of Public Libraries in their administrative areas.
The Public Librarian established by the government should have the corresponding cultural level, professional knowledge and organizational management ability. Public libraries should be staffed according to their functions, the scale of their collections, the size of their premises, the scope of their services, and the service population. The staff of the public library should have corresponding professional knowledge and skills, among which professional and technical personnel may assess professional and technical titles according to the relevant provisions of the state.
A public library can designate a special collection of documents or special events with the name and name of the donor. Public libraries established by citizens, legal persons and other organizations may name public libraries, public library premises or other facilities with the names and names of donors. Naming the name and name of the donor shall comply with the relevant laws and administrative regulations, comply with the national interests and social public interests, and follow the public order and good customs.
When a public library terminates, it shall deal with its remaining property in accordance with the provisions of relevant laws and administrative regulations.
The state establishes the National Library, which mainly undertakes the compilation of the strategic preservation of the national literature and information, the compilation of the national bibliography and joint catalogues, the service for national legislation and decision-making, the protection of the national ancient books, the research and international exchange of library development, and the business guidance and technical support for other libraries. The National Library also has the functions of public libraries prescribed by this law.
The third chapter is about luck.
The state promotes the establishment and improvement of the corporate governance structure of public libraries, and absorbs relevant representatives, professionals and the public to participate in the management.
The public library should collect documents and information extensively according to the purpose of the library and the needs of the clients. The public libraries established by the government should also collect the local literature information systematically, preserve and inherit the local culture. The collection of document information shall comply with the provisions of relevant laws and administrative regulations.
Public libraries can collect document information by purchasing, accepting deposits or donations.
The publishing unit shall deposit official publications to the National Library and the provincial public libraries at the locality in accordance with the relevant provisions of the state.
The public library should organize the collection literature information according to the standards and norms promulgated by the state, set up the catalogue of the collection literature and information, and disclose it to the public through its website or other means in accordance with the law.
The public library should properly preserve the document information of the library and do not allow it to be disposed of at will. If it really needs to be disposed of, it shall comply with the provisions of the competent cultural authorities under the State Council Concerning the disposition of the document information. Public libraries should be equipped with facilities for fire prevention and burglary prevention, and special protective measures shall be taken to ensure the safety of ancient books and other valuable and fragile documents in accordance with relevant state regulations and standards.
Public libraries should regularly check and maintain their facilities and facilities to ensure normal operation. Facilities and facilities in public libraries should not be used for commercial activities irrelevant to their services.
Public libraries should strengthen inter library communication and cooperation. The State supports public libraries to carry out joint procurement, joint cataloging and joint services, so as to realize the co construction and sharing of document information and promote the effective utilization of literature information.
The people's government at the county level should set up the general branch library with local public library as the main hall, township (street) comprehensive cultural station, village (community) library as the branch library or grass-roots service point, and improve the digitalized, networked service system and distribution system, so as to facilitate the extension of public library services to the urban and rural grass-roots level. The general library should strengthen business guidance for branch libraries and grass-roots service points.
Public library collections belong to archives and cultural relics. Public libraries can exchange duplicates, duplicates or catalogues with archives, museums, memorial museums, etc., and jointly organize exhibitions to jointly edit and publish historical materials or historical materials.
The fourth chapter is about service.
Public libraries should provide services to the public in accordance with the requirements of equality, openness and sharing. The public library shall provide the following services to the public free of charge: (1) searching and borrowing information; (two) opening of public space facilities such as reading rooms and self-study rooms; (three) commonweal lectures, reading promotion, training and exhibitions; (four) the free service items stipulated by the state.
The public libraries established by the government should set up a reading area for young children, and provide corresponding professional personnel according to the characteristics of children, carry out reading guidance and social education activities for children, and provide support for schools to carry out extracurricular activities. Children's libraries can be set up individually in areas with conditions. The public libraries established by the government should take into account the characteristics of the elderly, the disabled, and other groups, and create conditions for them to provide documentary information, barrier free facilities, facilities and services suitable for their needs.
The public libraries established by the government shall, in accordance with their own conditions, formulate laws, regulations, policies and conduct research on relevant issues for the state organs, and provide documentary information and related consulting services.
Public libraries should promote reading activities through reading guidance, reading and speaking, reading and sharing books.
The public library shall provide documents and information to the public, comply with the provisions of relevant laws and administrative regulations, and shall not provide the minors with unsuitable literature information. Public libraries must not engage in or allow other organizations or individuals to engage in activities endangering national security, damaging public interests and other violations of laws and regulations in libraries.
The public library shall announce to the public through its website or other means the service contents, opening hours and borrowing rules of the library; if it closes or changes the opening hours for that reason, it shall make an announcement in advance unless it is subject to force majeure. Public libraries should be open on public holidays and open hours should be open on national holidays.
Public libraries established by the government should provide convenient services to the public through mobile service facilities and self-service facilities.
The state builds a standardized and interconnected public library digital service network, supports digital reading product development and digital resource preservation technology research, and promotes public libraries to provide convenient services to the public through digitalization and networking technology. The public libraries established by the government should strengthen the construction of digital resources, equip them with corresponding facilities and facilities, and establish a platform for information sharing under the combination of online, offline and offline services, so as to provide quality services for the public.
The public libraries established by the government should strengthen the protection of ancient books in the library, and promote the collation, publication and research and utilization of ancient books according to their own conditions, such as digitalization, photocopying or microfilming technology, and enhance the publicity of ancient books through the roving exhibitions, public interest lectures, reinventing the original books, and developing creative products, so as to inherit and develop the fine traditional Chinese culture.
Public libraries should improve service conditions, improve service levels, regularly announce the development of services, listen to readers' opinions, establish complaints channels, improve feedback mechanisms, and accept social supervision.
Public libraries should properly protect their personal information, borrowing information and other information that may involve readers' privacy. They should not be sold or illegally provided to others in other ways.
Readers should abide by the relevant regulations of the public library, consciously maintain the order of the public library, take care of the document information, facilities and equipment of the public library, and make legal use of the document information; and borrow the documents and information, and shall return it in accordance with the prescribed time limit. The public library staff have the right to dissuade or stop the destruction of the public library's information, facilities, or disturb the order of public libraries. Public libraries can stop providing services for them if they are dissuaded or stopped.
The State adopts government procurement services and other measures to provide support for public libraries established by citizens, legal persons and other organizations.
The State encourages citizens to participate in voluntary services in public libraries. The competent cultural authorities of the people's governments at or above the county level shall give necessary guidance and support to the voluntary service of public libraries.
The competent departments of culture under the State Council and the competent departments of culture of the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government shall formulate public library service standards, and assess the quality and level of service of public libraries. Assessment should involve public participation. The results of the examination shall be published to the public, and shall be used as a basis for giving subsidies or awards to public libraries.
The State supports public libraries to strengthen exchanges and cooperation with school libraries, research institutions libraries and other types of libraries, and carry out joint services. The State supports schools, libraries and other types of libraries to be open to the public.
The fifth chapter is legal liability.
Where a public library engages or allows other organizations or individuals to engage in activities endangering national security and damaging social and public interests in the library, the competent cultural authorities shall order them to make corrections and confiscate their illegal gains; if the circumstances are serious, they may be ordered to suspend business for rectification and closure, and the persons directly in charge and other persons directly responsible shall be investigated for legal liabilities in accordance with the law.
The public library and its staff members shall be ordered by the competent cultural authorities to make corrections and confiscate the illegal gains: (1) to dispose of the document information illegally; (two) to sell or otherwise provide the readers with personal information, borrowing information and other information that he may relate to the readers' privacy. (three) providing documentation to the public in violation of the provisions of relevant laws and administrative regulations, or providing information to the minors who are not suitable for the contents; (four) using facilities and equipment sites for commercial activities not related to public library services; (five) other acts that do not comply with the requirements of Public Libraries in this law. The public library and its staff shall impose penalties on the Department in charge of price in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph if the service charges or disguised charges are to be provided free of charge. If the public library and its staff have the provisions of the preceding two paragraphs, the persons directly in charge and other persons directly responsible shall be investigated for legal liabilities in accordance with the law.
Where a publication entity fails to deposit official publications in accordance with relevant state regulations, the competent publishing authority shall be punished in accordance with the relevant laws and administrative regulations governing publication management.
If the competent cultural department or other relevant departments and their staff abuse their powers, neglect their duties and engage in malpractices for selfish ends in the management of public libraries, the persons directly in charge and other persons directly responsible shall be punished in accordance with the law.
Damage to the public library's literature, facilities, equipment or failure to return the borrowed documents and information in accordance with the prescribed time limit, causing property damage or other damage, shall bear civil liability according to law.
If a violation of this law constitutes a violation of the administration of public security, the public security administration shall be punished according to law; if a crime is constituted, the criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law.
The sixth chapter is about attachment.
This Law shall come into force on January 1, 2018.